In this work we seek to think about the Latin America´s politics and its relation with the state of exception From a biopolitical view. In order to do that, at first, we stem from the biopolitical and State- racism concepts that Foucault introduces. This allows us to approach to the state of exception and the concentration camps of the last military dictatorships in South America, especially in Chile. These ideas let us see how life is legally abandoned in a state of exception. In the last part we explore a possible reflection about the way that in the last dictatorship government neoliberal´s economical politics and practices were imposed, and the result of this kind of policies in subjectivity processes that we can steel see.